Deliverables and Milestones

This report maps Forest Management Models (FMMs) that are applied on 10 Case Study Areas (CSAs) within 9 countries of the ALTERFOR consortium, namely: Germany (2 CSAs), Ireland, Italy, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia, Sweden and Turkey. Besides the description of their main silvicultural features, FMMs are ranked according to their capacity to provide different ecosystem services. In addition, available technology and knowhow and restrictions set by legislation were described in a so called “Technological landscape” analysis.


  • WP1: "MS2 FMM descriptions"

This report has two primary aims. Internally, it serves the ALTERFOR partners by establishing an overview of prevailing silvicultural practices that will be used as the benchmark descriptions when examining the alternative FMMs at the later stages of the project. Externally, the thorough and systematic mapping of current FMMs might serve any reader interested in approaches to forest management as currently applied under a variety of ecological and socio-economic conditions on the European continent.


These scenarios, provided by the Austrian partner IIASA, cover a wide range of future trajectories for global development of climate change mitigation, economic growth, population development and overall use of natural resources. The forest modellers will utilize the scenarios to upgrade the different decision support systems used in the participating countries mainly in terms of climate modelling, forest owner behaviour, and ecosystem service provision.


This document sets out the (minimum) standard for the DSSs used in the ALTERFOR project. The standard relates to the capabilities of the DSSs of incorporating the following aspects:

  • Variable timber and biomass pricing
  • Climate change impact modelling
  • Forest owner behaviour modelling
  • Spatial specificity
  • Ecosystem services modelling


This document consists of three main parts. The first part provides a cross-country overview of selected important DSS output variables and their projected development under current FMMs over 100 years. This part is intended to allow readers to get familiar with the basic information which was used by the LCCs and ES experts for producing their assessments. These assessments are presented in the second part to the full extent. In the third part, the authors come to a synthesis taking on the title of this paper, asking for potential discrepancies between ES needs and ES outputs under current FMMs.


ALTERFOR explores the potential to optimise forest management models currently in use in different forested areas in European countries. For this reason, the research partners in the participating countries have studied the stakeholders´ interests in the case study areas and their power resources. The case studies show that forest management challenges in the 21st century might require new and adapted forest management models, which optimize the ecosystem service basket provided by forests. Especially the challenges resulting from climate change and the increasing importance of renewable energy sources provided by forests impact forest management in the many of the case study areas. In several cases, catastrophic events (like forest fires or windfalls), related to climate change, constitute a major threat.